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(Reproduced with permission)
Dr Anthony G. Wheeler's Research Documents
Australian Pyramids - a draft report
A report of an investigation into the claims published in Scandinavia for the presence of pyramids in Australia built by ancient South American civilization; and into other claims made relating to these supposed structures.
A draft report researched, compiled and written by:
Dr. Anthony G. Wheeler
Dept of Physiology and Pharmacology, University of Queensland,
St Lucia, Queensland 4067. (07) 3377 4198
with the Queensland Committee of the Australian Skeptics
P.O. Box 1555P, Melbourne, Victoria, 3001.
The original inquiry
My search for Australian pyramids started with a letter from Norway (from the Norsk Institutte for Vitenskapelig Forskning og Opplysning Norwegian Institute of Scientific Research and Enlightenment, the Norwegian section of C.S.I.C.O.P. ) questioning the existence of pyramids in Australia. The subject of the query was a photograph of an alleged pyramid taken west of Brisbane in south-east Queensland by a Danish photographer and "Daniken-fan". And the claim encompasses not just one, but ten "registered" pyramids in Australia! According to the photographer the Australian government is well aware of these pyramids, but keeps their existence secret "because it would change world history". It further seemed that a professor at the University of Oslo had refused to speak with our intrepid photographer. Apparently belief in Australia pyramids was growing in Scandinavia and NIVFO was asking us to look into this claim and comment.
I don’t know about you, but I was staggered; for a start, the very idea of any Australian government successfully keeping anything secret, let alone ten registered pyramids, seemed incredible by itself! As for the ten pyramids, surely someone sometime must have seen them? And with whom does one register a pyramid? And how may un-registered pyramids are there likely to be? As for changing world history, who could resist such a promise of fortune for now and fame for posterity? And for a professor at the University of Oslo to refuse to talk with the photographer, presumably this is meant to be the subtle seal of approval, incontrovertible proof that since the establishment is against him the photographer is a second Galileo, the pyramids are real and world history will be re-written.
So how does one start to "look into this case" as I had been politely requested? I suppose the photograph could have been circulated to local newspapers for publication in the"lost and found" columns, maybe a $10 reward for every lost pyramid found? But unfortunately the copy that I had received was a very poor copy, if not more so, of the original print. So my first letter was to NIVFO acknowledging their query, assuring them that my staff (wife, 4 year old daughter and the tropical fish) would be right on it, and asking for a better print of the alleged registered pyramid.
The establishment opinions
In the meantime I researched the telephone directories for likely academics and government department heads who could be expected to have something authoritative to say on the possible existence, or otherwise, if archaeological investigation had been made of the area. The conclusion being that it was a hill with a stone wall built by European immigrant farmers to reduce erosion. As we shall see, the Gympie pyramid is to play a major role in our story of the claims being made, and believed, for Australian pyramids overseas.
One of my corespondents had referred to Miss Gabrielle Wagner having addressed meetings on the subject of Australian Pyramids. On getting in touch with her, Miss Wagner replied that although she knee of no pyramids west of Brisbane she was familiar with several north of the city, and would contact me again "when I have gathered more proof" (my emphasis); nothing more has yet been heard.
Pyramids are pretty large things, and presumably anyone interested in canoeing on rivers, walking in native areas, travelling through remote areas in four-wheel drive vehicles (all recreations commonly enjoyed by Brisbane residents) would be likely to have noticed a pyramid or two on their wanderings. However, while enquiries amongst my colleagues at work and friends and acquaintances yielded more suggestions of natural features that could resemble pyramids (even another outcrop named "The Pyramid" south of Cairns , though having seen, or even heard of anyone else having seen, a real pyramid.
The competition - can you identify this ‘pyramid’?
Meanwhile a competition to identify the subject of the claimed photograph of the pyramid was run in "The Skeptic" (#34) (published quarterly and distributed to members by the Australian Skeptics, the Australian section of C.S.I.C.O.P.). Unfortunately not one of the many readers was able to identify the actual view with confidence, though offers like that of a particularly well traveled New South Welshman to organize an expedition north into Queensland to track down the lost pyramids of Australia were gratefully received and carefully filed for future reference. The prizewinner, on the basis of having submitted the most original location, won with the suggestion that the view was of the apex of this neighbour’s roof silhouetted between two gums trees at sunset (#35).
A search through the gazetteer revealed no shortage of places named "pyramid" in Australia; for whatever reasons there are no less than four homesteads, two towns, two bore holes, seven creeks, twelve hills, four rocks, two mountains and one each of a mountain pass, island, pool, mountain range, peak, and a well.
Now anyone familiar with south-east Queensland will be aware of an abundance of low hills, ,mountain tops and other natural features with the symmetrical triangular appearance of a pyramid; indeed this is the area of Cook’s spectacular Glasshouse Mountains and through which the Great Dividing Range runs. We decided to do a spot of field work and so we made our plans, and loaded up with maps, compass, cameras (black and white, colour print and colour transparency), notebooks, rations and the children and we set off on two expeditions. Our first was based at Toowoomba from where we toured the unsigned dirt tracks meandering through the mountains of the Great Dividing Range to identify and photograph the peaks suggested to us as having a pyramid-like appearance. During this trip we gained a lot of photographs of pointed hills, learnt that my wife’s navigation is really quite good, that our car was quite capable of coping with far rougher terrain than could have reasonably be expected, and lost a hub cap. Our next trip was to the Gympie area where we crossed under-populated areas for the benefit of a glimpse and a photo of Spot Height 567. It was on this excursion that, apart from delighting in the most luxuriating growth of fruiting prickly pear ( of which more later), we lost another hub cap.
The article - the claims and our investigation
At this point our waning interest was thoroughly rejuvenated by a further letter form Norway including a copy of the article "Inca Wall and Pyramid Mystery in Australia" (#6) by Leif Kjoer, published in the journal "Det Ukjente" ("The Unknown"), 1984, no. 5, pages 212-217. This is apparently the Norwegian edition of a Danish journal, "Det Ukendte". Unfortunately at the time all I knew was "Inka-murvaerk og pyramidemstik I Australien"! So who could I find to translate from Norwegian into English for Me?
Coincidentally on mentioning my problem at work I was reminded of a colleague who had learnt Swedish as a hobby and who had a Swedish wife. It seems that Norwegian and Swedish are sufficiently similar for her to translate for me with little difficulty, and if they did run into any problems they event had a Norwegian neighbour to consult. Maybe the Gods of the pyramids Pwere smoothing my path to learning their secrets?
Soon I had a tape of the translation which I transcribed to rough handwriting, and finally to a neat typescript. What I had was a description of material associated with the "Golden Pyramid' near Gympie, some 100 km north of Brisbane in south-east Queensland. It seems that a terraced hill was claimed to be a pyramid on the basis of a nearby stone wall around a church being of unusual construction, supposed local.legends and taboos that warned against intrusion into the pyramid area, the predominance in the area of a cactus of South or Central American origin, a statue (the "Iron Man" or "Gympie Ape") of non-aboriginal manufacture found nearby, and some crude inscriptions on a stone block dug up in the area. This evidence is claimed to support the idea that South American Incas sailed to south-east Queensland, built pyramids, and sailed away again leaving behind the pyramids, a few artifacts and a.prickly cactus. We will now examine this evidence and see how well it! stands up to scrutiny.
A number of sources were quoted or referred to in this article for the various information and ideas, and so-I wrote to as many of these that I could find reasonable addresses for to ask if they could confirm that what had been attributed to them was accurate and fair. To reduce confusion and reiteration I shall detail the results of the relevant inquiries immediately after my description of each section of the article.
The introduction to the article mentions briefly an archaeological examination of the so-called pyramid in the early 1970s (in response to the discovery of the "Iron Man" statue that we shall meet later). Their conclusion was that the " pyramid" is actually an ordinary hill terraced by early Italian settlers for the cultivation of grapes. The author of the article dismisses this conclusion easily with the derision that why should the Italians have bothered, terracing a hill when the soil in the area was good enough to grow grapes without going to such trouble.
Even so early in the article we find that the author disagrees with his sources of information, on, "which he claims to have based his article. According to the article the idea that early Italian immigrants used stone to build a pyramid for the worship of their grapes is dismissed as improbable. However, according to Mrs. Berry of Gympie, who lived opposite the claimed pyramid and, with her late husband, was interested in the various pyramid specula tions, it was early German settlers who terraced the hillside with stone retaining walls to enable the cultivation of grapes for wine-making.
One account (#31) attributes the first successful cultivation of grapes to George Flay who started Green Park farm in 1871. It as George that also developed the PHENOMENAL variety of giant strawberry, the most popular and widely grown in Australia even today. Both Green Park farm, and the neighboring Delaware Gardens under Dr Benson, cultivated grapes for winemaking.
Further information was provided by the Queensland Department of Primary Industries; on the basis of accounts of long lived residents the original vines were introduced into the Gympie area by Italians and cultivated by themselves and Chinese market gardeners in the late 1880s to supply the gold miners with wine. Viniculture was certainly practiced around the city area, which includes the pyramid site, in the late mining era (1880-1914) and spread from here to Mothar Mountain, to the south-east, where a winery was established, and to Gildora. The variety of grape grown then, and still now in the same area, was the American Delaware. (Presumably the source of the name of Dr Benson's property.)
An article in the Queensland Guide for 1888 on viniculture (#30) lain great emphasis on the soil,,the aspect and the drainage; the use of terracing was recommended not only for too-steep land and improved drainage but also for the benefit of the heat reflected to the vines by the stone walls.
Another source (#22) describes the features of the area which can still be identified (the main road, slaughterhouse, etc.) and located early vineyards in the "Pyramid" area with this enterprise later abandoned.
All this then certainly contradicts our Scandinavian article quite thoroughly even before it has started properly: the claimed "pyramid" is reduced to a low hill which was presumably terraced with stone retaining walls for viniculture.
When I first saw the so-called pyramid for myself it-was difficult to believe that s4e were at the right place; if I hadn't read and heard so much about it beforehand it would never have occurred to me that the low hill was anything special. Indeed, it just an ordinary low grassy hill by the main road from Gympie to Tin Can bay with an irregular covering of trees, a couple of straggly patches of prickly pear, some old stone, some dead wood bulldozed into piles, some 'discarded bits of barbed wire and other rubbish, and a lot of cow-pats left by grazing cattle. The site is well-visited though, only a few weeks earlier a couple of Norwegians had been . here. Indeed, there are so many visitors that Mr. Jones, through whose property the pyramid site if most easily approached, has constructed a rough concrete ford across his stream to aid the tourists.
The first aspect described is the discovery by an amateur archaeologist, M.P from Sydney,' of a stone wall around the Surface Hill Ullitiiig Church in Australia in Gympie. It seems that the stones had been carried from the top of the pyramid to Gympie in the 1930s where they were reassembled exactly in order to form the church wall. The presence of "weird hew marks", the similarity of the appearance o . f the wall to that of walls in the South American "lost" Ilnca city of Machu Picehu in Peru, and an assessment by a stonemason (Dave Alcott of Sydney) convinced Marilyti Pykthat this wall had been built front stones removed from the top of the pyramid, and that the pyramid had originally been built by the Iiicas.
M. P and the stonemason could not be contacted, and the culture anthropologist that had reputedly confirmed the link with Machu Picchu ("tlie lost city of the Incas") could not be found at the alleged York College, New York, or the nearest possibility of York College of Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania. However, it ' is well-known locally that this wall was constructed under a government job-creation programme of the 1935-36 Depression years (#25)., Further, the minister at the church, the Rev. Stan Geddes, has spoken out as having actually seen the wall built as part of a local council job creation project during the depression of the 1930s by relief workers with masonry experience.from material cut nearby at Rock's Road quarry. At the same time a wall had been built around the nearby Catholic Church using the same stone but in a different style; this wall later fell down (in about 1982 or 83).
The next aspect discussed was the three entrances to the pyramid based exclusively on the memory of her childhood by a local resident, Mrs Berry, and her memory of the activity of subsequent children in exploring the area as related to MP. Apparently the tunnel entrances were later blocked off, in the 1930s, by the farmers in the area to prevent their cattle wandering in. Still according to the article, the pyramid site was used as a slaughter-ground, presumably by the local farmers, and that the waste blood and offal were thrown down a huge, very deep shaft described by Mrs. Berry.
The obvious course (to me anyway) would have been to un-block the entrances and to explore. since no comment is made MP presumably found Mrs. Berry's 50 year old reminiscences conclusive. Anyway, I was fortunate to locate Mrs. Berry in Tasmania; correspondence with her revealed that much of the information credited to her was actually her memory of other people's observations well before her time. Throughout her letter Mrs Berry never referred to any pyramid as such, only a hill called "Pyramid Hill". It seems that she and her husband had a farm opposite all area which had been terraced by earlier German settlers who had tried growing grapes for viniculture. Presumably it was this terracing that the had inspired the stories of pyramids. (This confirms the accounts related earlier of early viniculture.in the Gympie area.) Mrs Berry described drives (entrances?) into the, hill that the cattle would enter, but did not enumerate them. These had possibly been made by prospectors attracted by the gold rush stories of the,1860s and 70s. As for the huge and very deep shaft, in'correspondence with Mrs Berry she referred to a number of holes in the top of the hill, and the local man, Mr Meredith, who filled them in (possibly because they were a danger to children playing in the area).
According to the article the Gympie pyramid is densely covered by small trees and prickly pear, one of the cactus family and much is made of tile fact that the University of Sydney's Department of Agronomy and Horticultural ' Science has established that the prickly pear is not -1 native of Australia, and originates in North and South America. It is suggested that the idea that and of the early British settlers (convicts, soldier.-, or gold diggers) would have traveled to Mexico, where the plant is particularly widespread, to carry it back to Queensland is improbable. The altertiitive recommended to the reader is that Central or South American indians, who valued the plant for its medicinal properties, a source of fibre for weaving sisal and fermenting to produce alcohol brought it with them to Australia. It sounds so much more likely that South American indian colonists from a past culture came to Gympie long ago, built the "Golden" pyramid, and left again leaving plantations of prickly pear to spread over the area to hide and protect the holy pyramid from the intrusions of the local people.
I'm afraid though that the truth is more mundane. The fact that the prickly pear is not a native of Australia,and originated in America, is well known and no secret. Further a senior'member of staff at the University of Sydney's Department of Agronomy and Horticultural Science, and the member most familiar with the prickly pear, had no idea of the sotirce of the statements attributed to his'department. Further, with the help of the Royal Botanic Gardens in the'U.K. I was able to trace the history of the introduction of prickly pear into Australia in 1788. The plant had originally had much to recommend it as a source of fodder for domestic' animals. fruit for human consumption, sugar and alcohol, fibre, medicines and to bind the soil to prevent erosion. It ,,;as Governor Phillip, the first Governor of the Botany Bay penal colony, on his way to Australia with the First Fleet (the Aussie equivalent to the North American "@layflosier") tl-iat collected seeds of prickly pear (cochineal fig), along with seeds of other plants (coffee, indigo, cotton, etc.) when they called in at Rio de Jatieiro from 7 August until 4 SeptemSer, 1787, on their journey south. The intention was to plant the seeds in the new colony in Australia as the possible foundations of future new industries (hedges, stockfeed, fruit, garden plants, etc.). Since that introduction several more species of prickly pear were imported by speculative businessmen. It soon became apparent, however, that the plant thrived in eastern Australia forming impenetrable barriers, livestock had a limited appetite for the plant, its spread was unchecked by natural pests, and once established it was horribly expensive to eradicate. The "escape" of the prickly pear has even bee described as a horror exceeded only by the rabbit (this comparison counts for a lot in Australia). All in all the introduction of the prickly pear proved to be one of the worst mistakes of Australia's early days. (Many attempts were made to clear the land, including the spraying of a mixture of arsenic pentoxide and sulphuric acid (#32) to the serious detriment of the men and their horses. Another futile effort relied on heated arsenious chloride. Subsequently, in 1925, 2750 eggs of a moth ("Cactoblastis cactorum") were introduced from Argentina to control prickly pear cactii (#32); by 1933 large areas had been successfully cleared.) Needless to say, no prickly pear was present before these first recorded and well documented introductions, and so we have no need to speculate oil the intervention of South American indians. Presumably the prickly pear arrived in the Gympie area as part of its nattiral'spread out from its original cultivation in Sydney, N.S.W. Alternatively it may have been imported directly into the Gympie area by the aforementioned grape-growers according to the earlier (1832) suggestion that it be used as a hedge plant in viniculture (1@17).
Further, to anyone with even the most superficial knowledge of the Gympie area the suggestion that the South American indians imported prickly pear to grow on their sacred pyramid to keep the natives off is laughable. To understand why we need to know that gold was first discovered in the Gympie area in 1867 by the irmnigrant James Nash, and after whom the settlement was first named Nashville This name was later changed to the currently familiar "Gympie", derived from Aboriginal name gympi-gympi from a local plant. The reason for this honouring of a plant is probably due to this particular plant being rather special. It is "Dendrocnide moroides" of the "Urticaceae" family, commonly known as the stinging nettle, bush or tree (#20). This tall shrub/ small tree grows to some five metres in height and is famous as the most virulent stinging plant in the Australian bush! The sting is incredibly painfull with local reddening and swelling of the lymph gland, with difficulty in breathing and the onset of shock in severe instances. The younger plants are both more difficult to spot, and more dangerous when contacted. Not surprisingly the Aboriginal peoples thought these nasty plants had been given by their Gods as a protection against evil spirits (36). Now in comparison to the really poisonous plant the prickly pear is comparatively innocuous, after all the prickly pear only pricks you! So why should the super-South American Indians have bothered introducing their cactus into an area already avoided for its resident nasty, the most virulent stinging plant in all of Australia?
So much for the origin of the inhospitable prickly pear. But further, while on the claimed "pyramid" itself I saw only a few plants; hardly a dense and inhospitable barrier. Indeed the fresh (still semi-liquid) cow pats proved a greater disincentive And the discarded lengths of barbed wire a greater threat. However,. while visiting some of the unrelated sites of suggested pyramid-like natural features we had coincidentally found extensive areas of prickly pear, one near Pyramid Rock 26 km south-east of Toowoomba and one near Spot Height 567 60 km north-west of Gympie. Indeed the latter crop was fruiting with spectacular purple "pears" sprouting between the prickly thorns.
We now turn to a 2.44 metre diameter stone disk with a circular concavity at its centre described in the article. This stone was apparently found near Mount Wolvi, a few kilometers from Gympie (how far from the "Golden" pyramid is not specified).' This stone is now reportedly in the cellars of the Queensland Museum in Brisbane. And it should be Mount Wolvi, a fair 20 km east of Gympie in the Wolvi Range.
As a result of conversations with a senior member of the Queensland Museum staff I can safely report that they haven't got it, after all a circular stone disk 2.44 metres in diameter (taller than any man around here) is hardly likely to be unobtrusively tucked into some forgotten corner.
We now'have the suggestion that 6000 years ago the "la Tolita" people of Ecuador sailed on balsawood rafts navigating by the stars and using the Humboldt current to Australia. And as proof we have Louis Guerara's 1974 "Las Balsas" expedition duplicating this achievement, and landing on an east Australian beach hardly 40 km from Gympie. Now it seems that Louis Guerara is a descendant of the "la Tolita" people, that "la Tolita" means "little height, hill or pyramid", that they are alternatively called the Huantalipas indians, and that Louis Guerara recognised the stone disk as associates with his ancestral people. The "la Tolita" people are known as having been specialists in melting gold and platinum (wasn't everybody in South America an expert in precious metals?), which requires temperatures of up to 2000'C; these temperatures were attained by focusing the sun's rays using the central concavity of basalt stone disks exactly like the one discovered near Gympie. (The idea of South American indians from the home of the fabled "E.1 Dorado" having to sail all the way to Queensland to mine and smelt gold makes the mind boggle.) And if further evidence is needed, by coincidence (?) the local aboriginal legends reputedly tell of people using large stone disks to study the stars.
So far so good, except that Luis Guevara (his spelling) 'Claims to have been misquoted and misinterpreted, has no knowledge of the events described, and is further not even qualified to make some of the statements ascribed to him. Further, the Hlumboldt current is marked on al1 the maps that I have found as running north along the western coast of South America. There are certainly westerly currents in the tropics from Central America passing to the north of Australia, any drift to the south too early would take any raft into a southerly, and then a westerly, current back to South America. And as Gympie is 40 km from the nearest coast Luis Guevara must have incredibly landed at the single nearest point to Gvmpie; no one could reasonably be that lucky. And as for how a stone concavity could possibly reflect the solar radiation to produce 2000 C in any substantial mass of metal I have no idea, I am sure that such a temperature would not be attained by such a means. And as for how a stone, even if brightly polished, could be of any use in studying the stars, let alone reflecting their light with any success, I cannot imagine.
The "Iron Man" is a stone statue originally considered to have been left by the Chinese gold prospectors that swarmed into Queensland and the Nortliern,Territory during the gold rush era of the last century. The article claims, however, that Luis Guevara immediately recognized the workmanship as characteristic of the "la Tolita" people (erect posture and protruding edges), and distinct from that of almost all other South American cultures (rounded edges). The statue, now in the Gympie (mining museum), was suggested to have been placed on a pillar on a nearby height to discourage local inhabitants from wandering into the pyramid area.
As well as Luis Guevara's general denial of everything attributed to him, we are left wondering about how the workmanship on the "Iron Man" statue compares with that on Chinese and South American statues. If the "Iron Man" is typical of Chinese workmanship then there is no need to speculate on an improbable South American origin. The claimed "Iron Man" statue is synonymous with the "Gympie Ape" statue dug up by Mr Dal K. Berry (Mrs Berry's husband) in 1966 with a disk plough while cultivating his farm land; and currently on display in the Gympie Mining Museum. This statue is indeed crude, and certainly doesn't match my impression of the skillful craftsmen of the South American Indians. On the other hand, a Chinese miner of market gardener seeking a few hours' restful activity chiseling away at a convenient piece of sandstone seems a most plausible origin. There were definitely plenty of Chinese prospectors, fossickers, etc., in the Gympie area during the gold-rush days,' panning for alluvial gold rather then excavating the mineral reefs, and indeed Gympie's early market garden industry owed much to Chinese squatters who first cultivated fruit and vegetables. In fact so many Chinese abounded that they left their name in the nearby Chinaman's flats.,
Next we have a 50 kg crudely oblisk-shaped clip-block dug up from a depth of 8 metres during an excavation for foundations in a low-lying, swampy area near Toowoomba. The stone is decorated with an inscription of a symbolic sun and two bowing snakes facing away from each other. The stone was apparently purchased by Mr Bernd Ulrich of Toowoomba University from the excavator driver, and he had the stone examined at the University. As a result of this examination it was deduced that the inscription was made at the time that the stone was quarried, that it had been exposed to the air for some time before being buried, and that the inscriptions were not made with modern tools but with soft metal (e.g. topper, bronze) implements.
Archaeologist Bob McQtieen is quoted as emphasizing that the inscriptions had not been carved by Australian aborigines. Mr Bernd Ulricli learnt of MP's interest in pyramids and associated artifacts and invited her to look at his stone. MP did so, and promptly bought the "Sun Stone" for a very large sum.
Unfortunately Toowoomba university does not exist, and Mr Bgrnd Ulrich cannot be traced in Toowoomba or through any of the tertiary educational establishments in the area., This means that we cannot check on the origin of the "Sun Stone" or the results of the examination at "Toowoomba University". Bob McQueen's account is quite specific in that while he has spoken to MP on the telephone and heard a description of the symbols and the two snakes, he has never seen them and has never passed any opinion as to their not having been inscribed by aborigines. Further, Mr McQueen described how investigation of the stone wall and "Iron Man" statue by a colleague of his in the Arcliaeolopy Branch of the Queensland Department of Community Services had produced no support at all for the claimed existence of pyramids in the Gympie area, nor was there any archaeological evidence for any pyramids, elsewhere in Australia or the past presence of any pyramid-building cultures.
During 1983 it seems that MP took this 50 kg "Sun Stone" with her on her travels. The Hawaiians, it is claimed, begged MP to leave the "Sun Stone" with them as they considered the symbols holy. The vice-general secretary of the United Nations, Mr Robert Muller then apparently asked MP to donate the "Sun Stone" to the United Nations. And in Arizona. where MP is now living, the 112-year old blind chief of the Hopi indians, David Monyonga, recognised the symbols by touch as being predicted in their old legends, and that there are a further three stones to be found. According to the Hopi Indians the "Sun Stone" was a sort-of computer that would bring peace and wisdom to the world. This, it is speculated, was presumably the reason that Robert Muller wanted the "Sun Stone"'so much for the United Nations.
The idea of a 50 kg stone for a travelling companion is entertaining, but not impossible. Nevertheless the alleged conversation with Robert Muller is, at least according to Robert Muller; he acknowledges listening to a lecture by MP but no more, and definitely did not ask her to donate that stone to the United Nations.
Back in Australia Luis Guevara is again brought into the story, this time as recognizing the sun symbol and two snakes as holy to the "la Toliti" people.
From this it seems that the South American indians, lltwaiians and Hopi in,dians all share the same sacred symbols. Are we supposed to infer that these disparate and diverse races are actually all related? And, of course we still have Luis Guevara's general denial.
Next the old smokescreen of "official" disbelief and suppression is raised as an aid to credibility. Luis Guevara is described as trying to interest others in the story of the Australian pyramids. And the then State opposition leader, Keith Wright, is described as having visited the stone wall and pyramid with MP. And the news media too have shown great interest with T.V. and radio interviews and newspaper articles on the subject. But ominously discussions with the "Australian authorities" and ethonographers at the Danish National Museum in Copenhagen have resulted in nothing but a deafening silence. We are presumably meant to draw some sinister inference from this apparent secrecy.
The article ends with the observation thit in the past "ordinary" people have made revolutionary finds, so why not now? MP is certainly in no doubt, her closing words being: "Pyramids in Australia? Oh yes! At least five that I know of."
Luis Guevara has already denied his alleged part, and so what if a politician and the media are interested in such remarkable claims? Indeed Keith Wright has written "My involvement is not to promote the idea that Peruvians or South American indians first came to Australia but to endeavour to explain a number of myths and also local beliefs"; laudable- intentions indeed. As for the awkward Silence emanating from the Danish Nitional Museum and the Australian authorities (whoever they are), the curator of the former wrote to me that since they had no knowledge of pyramids or pyramid like structures in Australia, there was indeed little that they could have said to the author. Hence there is no secrecy, no awkward silence, just a denial of any evidence for pyramids or pyramid-building cultures in Australia.
Other published claims
It seems that the theory explaining the supposed "Golden" pyramid is just the most recent of several suggested at various times. This same evidence, plus or minus the odd scarab, a smaller version of the "Gympie Ape" statue, a few coins, some obscure stone ruins, alleged psychic occurences and other varied artifacts, has been variously taken as proof of colonization and pyramid-building activity by extra-terrestrials, extinct ancient advanced races or pre-Inca South American Indians 6,000 or 26,000 years ago by MP, or by ancient Egyptian and/or Phoenician mariners 3,000 years ago.
The first recorded theory that I have found is that propounded by Mr Rex Gilroy and published in June 1979 (#13), that ancient Egyptian and Phoenician mariners explored and colonized Australia's east coast, including the Gympie area. The evidence consisted of a gold scarab reputedly found near Mothar Mountain (#11) 20 years previously, inscriptions on a large rock in the same area, a jade Ankhe (the "cross of life") found near Murgon (#12) and now of unknown whereabouts, and some speculative stone ruins reportedly discovered in dense forest some years ago. (Gilroy was more famous for his claims that the Yowie existed and is a ten-foot 400 lb. bipedal herbivore related to the Tibetan yeti and the North American bigfoot.)
This claim was elaborated by Mr Gilroy in September 1979 (#12) with the colony, dated 3000 years ago, now mining gold and other minerals. The evidence was now referred to as mysterious stone ruins, the ruins of a pyramidal structure claimed to have been identified in 1976. an Egyptian stone calendar dug up near Rockhampton in 1969, and a stone statue referred to as the "Gympie Ape". Here the "Gympie Ape" is described as carved form local rock yet identical to an old form of the Egyptian god Thoth dating back 3000 years. A second, later Egyptian colony (200 - 300 B.C. ) had been deduced for the Cairns area from coins and a scarab found in that area in 1910 and inscriptions found by'Mr Gilroy in 1978.
MP enters the arena four years 1ater in September 1983.(#7) with a claim for an ancient pyramid hidden under a hill outside Gympie citing the stone wall built around Gympie's Unitiiig Church during the depression as the most exciting evidence. Also reported were tunnels into the hill, the finding of a gold Egyptian oil lamp and a 0.22 metre diameter stone disc, with a central hole and a worked surface, and the experience of a mysterious occurrence while filming the "Gympie Ape" statue. The "Gympi.c. Ape" is now described as "Mayan-like", and the pyramid as one of a system built as an energy grid by extra-terrestrials 6000 years ago. (By the wav, the descendants of these extra-terrestrials live amongst us!) It seems that pyramids were built on a geometrical principle to deploy the earth's magnetic and gravitational forces to stabilise the earth's axis threatened by the nuclear catastrophe during the Atlatitean era that destroyed a civilization more advanced than ours. (I wonder why they went to all that trouble to stabilise our planet so that it would survive the catastrophe when it would probably have been easier to prevent the catastrophe, and save the advanced civilization, in the first place.) MP had spent the previous 17 months researching the "Australian Golden Pyramid", though this one is in the Black Mountains L50 km north of Cairns (4@12), 26,000 years old and built by a race that no longer exists.
Just a few days later the same newspaper the Rev. Stan peddes' refutation of the claims relating to the stone wall around his Surface hill (#14). He gave the history of the church wall made from rocks quarried locally as witnessed by himself, and poured scorn on MPs'talk of extraterrestrials having shaped the stones.
Mr Rex Gilroy, field archaeologist and pre-historian, also had something to say in a 15 September article (#11) about MP's theory that the Gympie pyramid, and the artifacts related to it, were the products of extraterrestrials, dismissing it as "nonsense". Mr Gil.roy also claimed priority since his identification of the structure as a "stepped pyramid of Egyptian construction had been made in 1975 and published in 1976. According to Mr Gilroy his interest had first been attracted by a photograph of the "Gympie Ape" statue discovered earlier by Mr Dal Berry and the similarity of the statue to the ancient Egyptian God Thoth. (Apparently before 1000 II.C. Thoth was customarily depicted as a squatting ape, and since then as an ibis-headed, htiman-bodied deity.) Mr Gil,roy claimed other Egyptian/Phoenician mining colony sites had been discovered in Africa. 9i,4. southeast Asia, west Australia and Iran. A number of relics from which the existence of a similar colony in New South Wales had been deduced were described; apparently these are now on display in Mr Gilroy's Katomba Nature Display Museum at Kedumba Emporium, Echo Point Road, Katoomba, N.S.W. these sites, however, are kept secret to prevent commercialisation and vandalism. Mr Gilroy also dismissed unattributed theories Linking, the Gympie pyramid with Mayan and Inca indians and Easter Islanders. week later (21 September 1983; #10) MP had an article written bv her published in the same newspaper. MP claimed that she had taken an option to buy the Gympie pyramid site in an effort to encourage its eventual archaeological excavation and to protect it from tourist interests. MP now links the Australian pyramids to Egypt (found in King Tutetikamen's tomb was "a surprising assortment of boomerangs"!), while keeping the possibilities of other races, or even a succession of races, open. "Only a dig will supply these answers to a lost page in the history of the world".
In this same article MP again brings up the Gympie (Uniting Church stone wall, but forestalls criticism by acknowledging its disputed origin and claiming that its actual origin is not relevant to her argument (then why bring it up?). The Gympie pyramid is now described as a terraced hill, with a temple at the top. Then we have the claimed aboriginal legend of a race living At the pyramid site long ago, the pyramid having three roads and three entrances, and the large stone disk, this time filled with water, "in which they studied the stars at nipht". The "Gympie Ape" is described as possibly Chinese dating from the gold rush era and obviously not aboriginal. and having been erected on top of a totem on t-.h(, lii.11 opposite the pyramid to ward off the aborigines. The " Golden" pyramid 144 1,,m north of Cairns and many'other pyramids, and eveii R email@example.com, m;.Rifil.y i.]-) Queensland, are alto referred to 3s though fact. (The "Golden" pyramid -is supposed to be a small gold pyramid contained withi.ii a temr.l,p. pyramid, ati(l there are tiqo in Australia: the more widely known one north of Cairns an([ the second close to Brisbane, possibly the Gympie pyramid.) We also reputedly have a wall of cut stones in the middle of nowhere (where is not specified), a 500 foot high pyramid three miles underground ( rather like hiding your liglit tinder a bushel !), proof of an ancient civilization), and an Aussie "Stonehenge". The final paragraph leaves us with "I do believe Adam and Eve were extra-terrestrials".
Next we have an article by Mr Gilroy (25 November #9) in What is appearing to be a competition to see who can out-claim the other (any raise on an alien Adain & Eve?). Mr Gilroy continues, with comparative with his claim that Australia liad been discovered by early maritime civilization. Fragmentary evidence is offered to bolster between China, Pgypt, Libya and Phoenicia and sites-in Australia, Papua New Guinea, Along Koiig, Iiidi,.i and the Easter Islands. Partici-tlArl.y Mr Gilroy are the Gympie pyramids, the "Gympie Ape" statue .incr aborigine, legends.
Mr Gilroy returns to our attention next year (17 May. 1984; #8) with a "new" pyramid'in New South Wales. This, time however, he is not revealing the location having had the experience of "psychic researchers Australian MP and American Mr Bryce Burleigh Bond" stealing, the credit of the discovery due to him. Mr Gllroy criticized their theories involving extraterrestrials, Peruvians and American indians. One new discovery if a small version of the "Gympie Ape" statue, small enough for Mr Gilroy to be photographed holding it in one hand.
Finally we have an article on MP's theories in a Sydney newspaper (#5). Here we are presented with seven pyramids of up to 26,000 years of age created by "a nuclear society that blew itself up". MP's theories concerning the function of the pyramids is here quoted to "act as energy fields and restore the earth s gravity and magjieristn which the nuclear weapons (belonging to an advanced society) threw out. of kilter". Although the words used here are- similar to those used in the 9 September 1983 newspaper article, they are arranged differently so as to have a totally unrelated meaning. We are also provided with an altprtiati.ve, completely different theory, that the pyramids are "time capsules" , preserving the ancient advanced civilisation's culture and technology. (if this is the case, they obviously didn't do a very good job of it ) The diversity of MP's theories expose them for what they are: not theories deduced from, and explaining, facts and observations and subject to critical testing, but merely baseless speculation. Keith Wright, then the opposition leader in the state government, apparently finds the claimed links with ancient South American cultures "exciting though rejects MP's ideas of ancient advanced civilizations. The clip block with its sun symbol and snake inscriptions is pictured, even thotigh it is acknowledged to have been declared A fal<e by A Columbia University expert, and MP is described as clinging, to the rock as though it were a child and takitig it with her to the U.S.A. the following week. Many of the "facts" referred to in the Norwegian article are also used here, though they re all slightly different. Here the clip block for example, is described as 41 kg (not 50 kg: it must have lost weight!) and made of basalt crystal, Louis Guerara (who as we know calls himself Luis Guevara) sailed from Ecuador to Maroochydore (not Gympie), MP is an author and businesswoman (as opposed to an amateur archaeologist), the Uniting Church Stone wall is described by Mary Strong, as pre-Incan (in the article it had been claimed that it had been made by the Incas), Bob McQueen is now a professor, and we now have seven pyramids (rather than five as later claimed; maybe two got lost again?).
We are now left with the task of sifting fact from fiction. The facts are (probably) that the Gympie "Golden" pyramid is actually an ordinary hill terraced by early (19th century) Italian immigrants for viniculture that his been disfigured by erosion and the removal of stone from the retaining walls,for use elsewhere; the stone wall around Gympie's Surface Hill Uniting Church is exactly what it is claimed to be by the Rev Geddes - a wall made from irregular, freshly quarried stone: the "Gympie Ape/Iron Man" statue was carved by a Chinese gold prospector and later abandoned: the sun symbol and snakes are probably fakes in that they were carved recently; and the prickly pear was introduced to Australia by early settlers journeying, via South America and the seeds were spread within the country by birds. As for all. the supporting statements by the various authorities, when checked few unimportant ones fade away as one after another proves to be a misquote, a falsification or an outright fabrication.
At the end all we are left with is a terraced hill, some interesting artifacts, a number of wildly different underground speculations an unchallenged conventional world history and whatever secrets the Australian Government are keeping remaining, undisclosed.
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reproduced by Awareness Quest with permission 1998